Hurricane Arthur was coming up the Atlantic coast making a mess of things. As a result, Tom offered to take the lesson inside and do some simulator work.
In the simulator, we would practice emergencies, lost procedures, and flying into adverse weather.
The first part of the lesson I had to takeoff from runway 28 at CDW. I had a really difficult time holding the centerline during takeoff and almost ran off the runway despite trying to counteract the left turning tendency with full right rudder. A quirk of the simulator I assume.
I flew north towards the training grounds. En route, I noticed the engine oil temperature was past red line and engine RPM was decreasing steadily. I initiated a power loss in flight emergency procedure:
- Full nose up trim (75 mph)
- Identified and flew toward best landing spot
- Put carb heat on
- Make sure fuel selector is on both
- Mixture is rich
- Primer is secure
At this point, the engine seized and quit immediately. I then:
- Attempted engine restart (did not work)
- Squawk 7700
- Fuel selector off
- Mixture full lean/cutoff
- Mags off
- Flaps when field assured
- Master off
After landing, Tom put me at a random place close to the training grounds. He told me to locate my position. I entered a standard rate right turn and used VOR to triangulate my position. It took me a long time to do this which Tom commented on which I attribute to the lack of practice. I did eventually locate my position somewhere west of Stewart Intl and I was told to fly there. Tom then created a pretty bad thunderstorm which I flew into initially before doing a 180 degree turn in order to fly out of it. However, I was engulfed by the thunderstorm and was lost without the ability to see any landmarks. Tom instructed me to contact Stewart tower and tell them who I was, where my last known position is, and my situation (lost and needing a vector to nearest airport). Tom played the part of Stewart tower and asked me to squawk some code and ident, which I did. Tom gave me a heading toward Stewart and told me to enter a left base for runway 34. I did a short approach and landed. Tom also said that contacting New York Approach for help would also be acceptable. The key thing is if you’re lost and VOR is of no help to you, contact someone. They will either help you or tell you right people to contact.
At the end of the lesson, I did some pattern work on runway 22 at CDW. On the final downwind segment, the engine quit. I initiated the same emergency procedures listed above and landed on the runway after a short final.
What I like about the simulator:
- Cheaper cost than the real thing
- Easy to work on multiple different scenarios in a short amount of time without consequence if you screw things up
What I don’t like:
- Trimming is difficult without any control pressures to relieve. I had to rely on the VSI
- Slight control inputs would lead to huge flight changes. I would slightly pull back on the yoke in the simulator which would make my VSI soar where in real life the plane isn’t that sensitive